Starting a Corporation in Montana 2023: Expert Guide

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How to Start a Corporation in Montana

One crucial aspect of starting a business is selecting the appropriate legal structure for your venture. Starting a corporation in Montana is a popular choice for many entrepreneurs due to the state’s favorable business environment and legal framework. Incorporating your business can provide several benefits, including personal liability protection, tax advantages, and increased credibility with customers and investors.

However, like Montana LLC, running a corporation also comes with significant responsibilities, including complying with state and federal laws, maintaining accurate records, and holding regular shareholder meetings. This guide will explore the benefits and responsibilities of starting Montana corporation. At LLCBase, we understand that forming a corporation can be an overwhelming experience, so we are here to help you every step of the way and set your business up for success.

What is a Corporation

A corporation is a legal entity separate from its owners, created to conduct business. It is established under the laws of the country or state where it operates and is registered with the government. The corporation can enter into contracts, sue and be sued, own property, hire employees, and issue stock to the public. It is governed by a board of directors responsible for managing the corporation’s affairs and making decisions on its behalf.

One of the primary advantages of a corporation is limited liability, which means that the shareholders or owners are not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the corporation. This protects their personal assets from being used to pay off business debts. Other benefits include easier access to capital through the issuance of stock and the ability to transfer ownership more easily.

However, corporations often face more regulations and legal requirements than other business structures, such as sole proprietorships or partnerships. They are also subject to double taxation, as the corporation is taxed on its profits, and shareholders are taxed on the dividends received.

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Guide to Start Your Montana Corporation

The following is a detailed guide outlining the steps to establish a corporation in Montana:

Step 1: Choose a Corporate Name

Choosing a business name for your Montana corporation is critical in forming one. It must be unique and distinguishable from other existing Montana corporations, limited liability companies, and limited partnerships. To check the availability of your desired name for your Montana corporation, search the Montana Secretary of State Business Search database. If the name is available, you can reserve it for up to 120 days by filing a Name Reservation Request Form and paying the required fee. This ensures that your chosen name is secured while you work on other steps to form a corporation in Montana.

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Step 2: File Articles of Incorporation

To officially form a corporation in Montana, you must draft and file Articles of Incorporation with the Montana Secretary of State. This document includes essential information, such as the corporation’s name, purpose, Registered Agent, and the number of authorized shares. Providing accurate and complete information in your Articles of Incorporation is crucial for successfully forming your Montana corporation.

Once completed, submit the articles and the filing fee to the Montana Secretary of State‘s office. You can file online, by mail, or in person, whichever method is most convenient for you. Filing the Articles of Incorporation with the Montana Secretary of State is vital in forming your Montana corporation and establishing its legal existence.

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Step 3: Appoint Registered Agent

A Registered Agent is crucial in maintaining your Montana corporation’s compliance with state requirements. The Registered Agent acts as the corporation’s official point of contact with the state, receiving legal documents and correspondence on behalf of the corporation. Every Montana corporation must have a Registered Agent with a physical address to ensure seamless communication with the state government.

You can appoint an individual or a Registered Agent service in Montana for your corporation. When choosing a Registered Agent, ensure they are reliable and consistently available during business hours to receive and forward important documents to your corporation. Appointing a trustworthy Registered Agent is essential to successfully form and maintain a corporation in Montana.

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Step 4: Create Corporate Bylaws

Creating corporate bylaws is vital in establishing a well-organized and legally compliant business structure when forming Montana corporation. Corporate bylaws serve as a set of internal rules and procedures that govern the corporation’s management and operation, ensuring consistency and clarity in business operations.

Bylaws typically include information about the Montana corporation’s management structure, the rights and responsibilities of shareholders, directors, and officers, and provisions for annual meetings and decision-making processes. By outlining these essential components, corporate bylaws provide a clear and organized framework for running a successful Montana corporation.

Drafting and adopting bylaws should be a collaborative process involving the corporation’s initial board of directors. By holding an initial board meeting, directors can discuss, refine, and adopt bylaws that best suit the corporation’s needs and objectives.

Step 5: Issue Stock

Issuing stock is a fundamental aspect of starting Montana corporation, as it allows initial shareholders to invest in the company in exchange for capital contributions. The number of authorized shares is specified in the Articles of Incorporation, and the board of directors determines the value of each share.

When issuing stock for your Montana corporation, it’s essential to provide stock certificates to shareholders as a record of their ownership. Additionally, maintaining accurate and up-to-date stock ownership records is crucial for legal compliance and ensuring transparency in the corporation’s financial structure.

Step 6: Obtain an EIN

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a unique tax identification number assigned by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to your Montana corporation. Obtaining an EIN in Montana is essential for tax reporting, banking, and hiring employees, as it serves as the corporation’s identifier in these contexts.

Applying for an EIN is a straightforward process that can be completed online through the IRS website or by mail using Form SS-4. This important step in forming Montana corporation ensures your business can operate legally and fulfill its tax obligations.

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Step 7: Open a Corporate Bank Account

Opening a separate bank account for your Montana corporation is crucial to separating personal and business finances. This separation helps protect the corporation’s limited liability status and ensures accurate financial record-keeping for tax and legal purposes.

You will need your Montana corporation’s EIN, Articles of Incorporation, and corporate bylaws to open a corporate bank account. Some banks may also require a corporate resolution authorizing the opening of the account. By providing the necessary documentation and opening a dedicated bank account, you are taking an essential step in establishing and maintaining a successful Montana corporation.

Opening a separate bank account for your corporation is essential to balance personal and business finances. You will need your EIN, Articles of Incorporation, and corporate bylaws to open a corporate bank account. Some banks may also require a corporate resolution authorizing the opening of the account.

Step 8: File a Statement of Information

Within April 15 the year following formation, you must file a Statement of Information with the Montana Secretary of State. This document is a vital update for the state regarding the corporation’s officers, directors, Registered Agent, and business address, ensuring that the Montana Secretary of State has accurate information about your corporation.

Filing an annual report in Montana is crucial in maintaining your corporation’s good standing. The statement and the required filing fee can be filed online or by mail. Regularly updating this information with the Secretary of State is key to managing your Montana corporation’s ongoing compliance requirements.

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After Forming a Corporation

Once you have successfully formed a corporation, there are several steps you must take next. Here’s a comprehensive list for your reference to ensure your newly formed corporation operates smoothly and within legal guidelines.

Obtain the Required Licenses and Permits

Depending on the nature of your Montana corporation’s business, you may need to obtain various local, state, and federal licenses and permits. These requirements can vary significantly depending on your industry and location, making it essential to research the licenses and permits necessary for your corporation to operate legally.

Once you have identified the necessary licenses and permits, begin the application process before commencing business operations. Ensuring your Montana corporation has all the required licenses and permits is crucial for legal compliance and avoiding potential penalties.

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Register for State Taxes

To form Montana corporation, you must register your corporation with the Montana Department of Tax and Fee Administration to pay state taxes. These may include employment taxes, use tax, and sales tax permits in Montana, depending on the nature of your business.

Consult with a tax professional to ensure compliance with all state tax requirements and to understand the types of state taxes that apply to your Montana corporation. Proper registration and payment of state taxes are essential for maintaining your corporation’s legal standing and avoiding potential penalties.

Maintain Corporate Records

Maintaining accurate corporate records is essential for legal compliance and to protect your Montana corporation’s limited liability status. Diligent recordkeeping ensures transparency in your corporation’s operations and supports decision-making processes.

Key records to maintain include minutes of corporate meetings, stock issuances, financial statements, and other essential documents. Keeping these records safe and organized allows you to effectively manage your Montana corporation and maintain its legal compliance.

Hold Annual Shareholders’ Meetings

One of the ongoing requirements for Montana corporations is holding annual shareholders’ meetings. These meetings allow shareholders to elect directors, review financial statements, and address other corporate matters, ensuring the corporation’s stakeholders are informed and engaged in decision-making.

To maintain legal compliance, document the proceedings of annual shareholders’ meetings with detailed minutes and store them in your corporation’s records. Doing so demonstrates that your Montana corporation is adhering to its legal obligations and protecting its limited liability.

Comply with Federal Tax Requirements

In addition to state tax obligations, your Montana corporation must comply with federal tax requirements by filing a corporate income tax return (Form 1120) with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Timely and accurate filing of tax returns is essential for avoiding potential penalties and ensuring your corporation’s ongoing compliance with tax laws.

Given the complexity of tax regulations, consulting with a tax professional when preparing and filing your Montana corporation’s tax returns is highly advisable. A tax professional can help you navigate the intricacies of tax laws, identify potential deductions and credits, and ensure your corporation meets all applicable tax requirements.

Seek Professional Advice

Forming and maintaining Montana corporation is an ongoing process that requires attention to various legal and regulatory requirements. As laws and regulations change, staying informed about updates affecting your corporation and its operations is essential.

One way to stay informed and ensure ongoing compliance is by seeking professional advice from attorneys, accountants, or other experts specializing in Montana corporation law. These professionals can provide invaluable guidance and assistance with forming and managing Montana corporation, including maintaining proper documentation, meeting regulatory requirements, and addressing legal issues.

Fees for Starting Montana Corporation

Here are some of the common fees associated when starting a corporation in Montana:

  • Name Reservation Request Form fee: $10 (online) and $10 (mail)
  • Articles of Incorporation filing fee: $70
  • Annual report (Statement of Information) filing fee: $15

Please note that these fees are accurate as of 2022. Double-checking the Montana Secretary of State‘s website for the most up-to-date fee information is always a good idea.

Importance of Incorporating a Corporation in Montana

Montana, also known as The Treasure State, is one of the largest economies in the United States and offers a thriving business environment for entrepreneurs across various industries. Incorporating your business in Montana provides a strong legal foundation that can help protect your personal assets, increase credibility with customers and partners, and offer potential tax advantages.

By forming Montana corporation, you create a separate legal entity distinct from its owners, which can protect your personal assets from business liabilities. Additionally, Montana corporations can benefit from the state’s extensive network of resources, including incubators, accelerators, and business-friendly initiatives that support growth and innovation.

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Benefits and Responsibilities of Montana Corporation

Forming Montana corporation comes with several benefits, such as:

  • Limited liability: As a separate legal entity, a corporation provides limited liability protection for its owners (shareholders), shielding their personal assets from business debts and liabilities.
  • Increased credibility: Incorporating a business can enhance its credibility with customers, suppliers, and investors, making it easier to establish business relationships and attract capital.
  • Tax advantages: Corporations may benefit from various tax advantages, such as lower tax rates on retained earnings, the ability to deduct employee benefits, and potential eligibility for tax credits and incentives.
  • Perpetual existence: Unlike sole proprietorships and partnerships, a corporation has a perpetual existence, meaning it can continue to operate even if its owners (shareholders) change.

However, with these benefits come certain responsibilities, including:

  • Compliance with state and federal regulations: Corporations must comply with various state and federal regulations, such as filing annual reports, maintaining corporate records, and holding annual shareholder meetings.
  • Tax obligations: Corporations have specific tax obligations, including filing corporate income tax returns and paying applicable taxes.
  • Maintaining corporate formalities: To preserve limited liability protection, corporations must maintain corporate formalities, such as adopting and following bylaws, issuing stock, and documenting corporate decisions.
  • Registration and ongoing fees: Incorporating a business in Montana requires registration with the Montana Secretary of State and payment of initial and ongoing fees, such as filing fees for the Articles of Incorporation and annual report fees.

Understanding the benefits and responsibilities of forming Montana corporation is crucial for entrepreneurs seeking to establish a strong legal foundation for their businesses. By incorporating your business in Montana and adhering to the associated responsibilities, you can enjoy the advantages of limited liability, increased credibility, and potential tax benefits while operating in the state’s dynamic and innovative business environment.


What is a corporation in Montana?
A corporation in Montana is a legal structure that is created to run a business entity.
Who can start a corporation in Montana?
Anyone over the age of 18 can start a corporation in Montana.
What are the advantages of starting a corporation in Montana?
Starting a corporation in Montana offers advantages such as limited liability protection for owners, perpetual existence, and the ability to raise capital through the sale of stock.
What are the downsides of starting a corporation in Montana?
Some downsides of starting a corporation in Montana are that it is more costly and requires more paperwork than other business structures.
How do I choose a name for my Montana corporation?
The name of your Montana corporation must be available, distinctive, and not misleading to the public.
How do I register my Montana corporation’s name?
You can search and register your corporation name with the Montana Secretary of State.
Do I need a registered agent for my Montana corporation?
Yes, your Montana corporation must have a registered agent at all times who is a resident of the state.
How do I choose a registered agent for my Montana corporation?
You can use a commercial registered agent company or choose an individual who is willing to fulfill the responsibilities of the registered agent.
How much does it cost to start a corporation in Montana?
The filing fee for starting a corporation in Montana is $70.
How long does it take to start a corporation in Montana?
The Montana Secretary of State can approve corporation filings within one day if filed online or within one week if filed by mail.
Do I need to file articles of incorporation for my Montana corporation?
Yes, you’ll need to file Articles of Incorporation with the Montana Secretary of State.
What information is required in the Articles of Incorporation in Montana?
The Articles of Incorporation in Montana must include the corporation’s name, registered agent’s name and address, number of authorized shares, and names and addresses of the incorporators.
Can I amend the Articles of Incorporation in Montana?
Yes, you can amend the Articles of Incorporation in Montana by filing Articles of Amendment with the Montana Secretary of State.
What is a corporate bylaws and do I need to create one for my Montana corporation?
The Corporate Bylaws sets out how a corporation will be administered, and while you are not strictly required to develop one for the Montana corporation, they are desirable.
How do I conduct annual meetings for my Montana corporation?
For your Montana corporation to remain Valid, it must hold at least one meeting annually.
How many directors must a Montana corporation have?
A Montana corporation must have at least one Director.
What are the responsibilities of the board of directors in Montana?
The board of directors in Montana oversees all corporate business and makes important decisions such as electing officers, issuing stock, and approving major transactions.
What are the officers of a Montana corporation?
The officers of a Montana corporation typically consist of a president, secretary and treasurer.
How do I register my Montana corporation for taxes?
You can register your Montana corporation for taxes with the Montana Department of Revenue.
What kind of taxes must my Montana corporation pay?
Depending on your business model, you may be required to pay corporate income tax, unemployment tax, worker’s compensations payments and countless others.
Do I need a business license for my Montana corporation?
You may be required to secure a local or state business license in Montana depending on your industry.
How do I dissolve my Montana corporation?
You can dissolve your Montana corporation by filing Articles of Dissolution with the Montana Secretary of State.
Do I need to file an annual report for my Montana corporation?
Yes, you’ll need to file an Annual Report with the Montana Secretary of State every year by paying the filing fee and providing real relevant information relevant to the company.
What happens if I don’t file the annual report for my Montana corporation?
If you fail to file your Montana corporation’s Annual Report, your corporation may fall out of good standing and you may not be regulated liability protection provided by corporations in Montana.
Can I convert my Montana corporation to an LLC?
Yes, you may convert your Montana corporation to an LLC by filing Articles of Organization with the Montana Secretary of State.
Can I convert my Montana LLC to a corporation?
Yes, you may convert your Montana LLC to a corporation by filing Articles of Incorporation with the Montana Secretary of State.
Can I operate my Montana corporation in other states?
Yes, your Montana corporation can elect and register as a foreign corporation in another state or states to transact business legally outside of Montana.
How do I find resources for starting my Montana corporation?
The Montana Governor’s Office of Economic Development has a variety of resources available to people looking to start a business including; template documents and registration charges both adding website links assisting small businesses on local basis.
What is the filing fee to start a corporation in Montana?
The filing fee to start a corporation in Montana is $70.
What does it mean to be a domestic corporation in Montana?
A domestic corporation in Montana is a business that was formed in the state and operates within its borders.
Do I need an operating agreement for my Montana corporation?
While not required by state law, having an operating agreement for your Montana corporation can provide guidance and protection for your business.
Are there any annual reports required for a Montana corporation?
Yes, all Montana corporations are required to file annual reports with the Secretary of State’s office.
What is the minimum number of directors required for a Montana corporation?
A Montana corporation must have at least one director.
Can I form a Montana corporation by myself?
Yes, you can form a Montana corporation by yourself or hire a lawyer or formation service to assist you.
What is the timeline for forming a corporation in Montana?
The timeline for forming a corporation in Montana typically takes around 1-2 weeks.
What kind of business licenses or permits are required for operations in Montana?
The specific licenses and permits required will vary by industry and locality, but you can find information about general business licenses on the Montana Department of Revenue’s website.
Can a non-resident form a corporation in Montana?
Yes, non-residents can form a corporation in Montana as long as they follow state laws and requirements.
Are there any tax benefits to incorporating in Montana?
Montana does not have a state income tax, providing potential tax benefits for corporations operating in the state.
What protections does incorporating provide in Montana?
Incorporating in Montana provides limited liability protections for shareholder’s personal assets, allowing them to protect themselves from legal or financial issues related to the corporation.
What kind of officers are required for a Montana corporation?
A Montana corporation typically has officers serving in roles such as president, treasurer, and secretary. The specific officer requirements will depend on the corporation’s needs and structure.
Can I change the name of my Montana corporation after it’s formed?
Yes, you can change the name of your Montana corporation by filing the necessary paperwork with the Secretary of State’s office.
Are there any residency requirements for incorporating in Montana?
There are no specific residency requirements for Montana corporations.
Can a corporation be sued in Montana?
Yes, a corporation can be sued in Montana as long as it is registered to do business in the state.
What is required to open a bank account for a Montana corporation?
To open a bank account for a Montana corporation, you will typically need to provide proof of business registration and identification for authorized individuals.
How many shareholders are required for a Montana corporation?
A Montana corporation can be comprised of just one shareholder or many.
How do I dissolve a Montana corporation?
To dissolve a Montana corporation, you must file Articles of Dissolution with the Montana Secretary of State’s office.
Are Montana corporations required to hold regular meetings?
Montana corporations are not explicitly required to hold regular meetings, but doing so can help provide structure and guidance for the business.
Can a corporation be formed electronically in Montana?
Yes, corporations can be formed electronically in Montana through the Secretary of State’s online filing system.
Can a Montana corporation operate in other states?
Yes, a Montana corporation can operate in other states as long as it meets the necessary registration and compliance requirements in each one.
How is a corporation in Montana taxed?
In Montana, corporations are subject to a corporate income tax and may also be subject to federal and local taxes.
Can I convert my LLC into a Montana corporation?
Yes, you can convert your Montana LLC into a corporation by filing the necessary paperwork with the Secretary of State’s office.
What is the difference between an S corporation and a C corporation in Montana?
C corporations are taxed at the corporate level, while S corporations pass through their profits and losses to shareholders. The specific advantages and disadvantages of each structure may vary based on your business needs and goals.
What are the biggest benefits of incorporating in Montana?
Incorporating in Montana can offer limited liability protections, potential tax benefits, and a friendly business environment overall.
Does Montana offer any grants or other incentives to new corporations?
Montana offers several programs and incentives that can benefit businesses, including tax credits, workforce training grants, and support for innovation and entrepreneurship.

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How to Save Money While Forming Your Montana Corporation

First and foremost, aspiring business owners must prioritize their research. Thoroughly understanding the requirements and procedures for forming a Montana corporation is crucial. Instead of relying on costly legal services, initially researching and educating oneself can save significant amounts of money. Numerous online resources, government websites, and self-help books are available to guide entrepreneurs through the process. By equipping themselves with knowledge, individuals are better equipped to make informed decisions and effectively navigate complex paperwork.

Another practical way to save money while forming a Montana corporation is to minimize legal fees. While seeking professional advice is often necessary, it is important to recognize when legal assistance can be limited to specific areas. Engaging an attorney for comprehensive services from start to finish can quickly become financially burdensome. Instead, hiring an attorney on an as-needed basis, limited to complex legal matters or document review, allows entrepreneurs to save money while still benefiting from invaluable legal guidance.

Taking advantage of technology is another effective strategy to save money. Utilizing various online resources and software solutions significantly streamlines the entire process and reduces costs associated with administrative tasks. Entrepreneurs can these services to prepare and file legal documents, keep accurate records, and even manage payroll. By embracing technology, businesses can efficiently handle many essential tasks, potentially reducing the need to outsource or hire additional employees.

Considering the benefits of self-sufficiency, entrepreneurs should explore the possibility of DIY services. Numerous affordable and user-friendly platforms exist, offering do-it-yourself solutions for various aspects of forming a Montana corporation. By completing certain tasks independently, such as registering with the state and obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN), entrepreneurs can significantly cut costs and maintain more control over their company’s formation process.

Additionally, entrepreneurs should carefully evaluate their options when it comes to business licenses and permits. Researching the specific licenses or permits required for their industry can help minimize expenses. Exploring all available resources, such as local chambers of commerce or industry associations, can provide valuable information on potential waivers, reduced fees, or tax incentives, thereby lowering the overall costs of regulatory compliance.

Lastly, collaboration and networking with fellow entrepreneurs can yield substantial benefits for savings. Joining business organizations, attending workshops or seminars, and networking with other professionals can provide insights into potential cost-saving opportunities. Learning from the experiences of others can lead to valuable tips, recommended service providers, or even potential partnerships that reduce costs through shared expenses.

Forming a Montana corporation can undoubtedly be a significant financial commitment. However, entrepreneurs can take several proactive steps to save money throughout the process. By dedicating time to research, harnessing technology, maximizing self-sufficiency, optimizing licensing strategies, and seeking collaboration, aspiring business owners can ensure a cost-effective formation process that allows them to channel their savings into growing and developing their enterprise.


Forming a corporation in Montana involves steps and ongoing compliance with state and federal requirements. By following these key steps and seeking professional guidance when necessary, you can successfully establish and maintain Montana corporation, enjoying the benefits of limited liability protection, increased credibility, and potential tax advantages. Visit LLCBase to know more about starting a corporation in Montana.

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