Starting a Professional Corporation in Kentucky 2024: Ultimate Guide

How to Start a Professional Corporation in Kentucky

Licensed professional? Level up your business with Kentucky professional corporation! Enjoy unique benefits like Kentucky LLC, such as limited liability, tax perks, and a polished image. Our step-by-step guide unravels the essentials for smooth compliance and the right fit. LLCBase has your back with expert guidance, so make an informed decision and triumph in Kentucky with your professional corporation today!

This guide will review the requirements for starting a professional corporation in Kentucky, explore the advantages and disadvantages of this business structure, and help you determine if it is the right fit for your business goals.

What is a Professional Corporation

A Professional Corporation (P.C.) is a unique type of corporation designed for licensed professionals, such as doctors, dentists, lawyers, architects, and accountants. Forming a P.C. allows licensed professionals to offer their services through a corporate structure, providing them with the benefits of a traditional corporation, such as limited liability protection and tax advantages. Forming a professional corporation in Kentucky is a popular choice due to the thriving professional landscape and business-friendly environment. When starting a professional corporation, choose a reliable formation service in Kentucky.

The primary purpose of Kentucky Professional Corporation is to protect its owners from personal liability for the corporation’s actions. The shareholders’ personal assets are protected if the professional corporation faces legal issues. Moreover, Kentucky professional corporations can offer certain tax benefits, such as deducting employee benefits and operating expenses. These advantages make forming a professional corporation an attractive option for many professionals in Kentucky.

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Who Can File Under Professional Corporation Laws

Under Kentucky Professional Corporation laws, only certain licensed professionals are eligible to form a professional corporation. The specific professions allowed to form a P.C. may vary slightly by state, but in Kentucky, the following professionals can typically form a professional corporation:

  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • Dentists
  • Chiropractors
  • Optometrists
  • Podiatrists
  • Certified Public Accountants
  • Architects
  • Engineers and Land Surveyors
  • Psychologists
  • Marriage and Family Therapists
  • Clinical Social Workers
  • Professional Clinical Counselors
  • Veterinarians
  • Attorneys
  • Speech-Language Pathologists
  • Pharmacists
  • Registered Nurses
  • Physical Therapists
  • Occupational Therapists
  • Acupuncturists

Each profession has its governing licensing board, which sets specific rules and regulations for forming and operating a professional corporation. It is essential to check with the relevant board and state laws to ensure that your profession is eligible to form a professional corporation and to understand the specific requirements associated with your profession.

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Structure of a Professional Corporation

  • Shareholders: Kentucky Professional Corporation’s shareholders must be licensed professionals in the same field as the corporation’s purpose. For example, if a professional corporation is formed to offer legal services, all shareholders must be licensed attorneys. This requirement ensures that the professional corporation’s management comprises qualified individuals with relevant expertise.
  • Directors: The directors of a professional corporation in Kentucky are responsible for overseeing the corporation’s operations and making high-level decisions. The directors must also be licensed professionals in the same field as the corporation’s purpose. The number of directors required depends on the specific licensing board’s regulations, but typically a minimum of one director is needed.
  • Officers: The officers of Kentucky Professional Corporation manage the professional corporation. Officers typically include a President, Secretary, and Treasurer. However, additional officers can be appointed as needed. While not all officers must be licensed professionals, the President must hold a valid license in the same field as the corporation’s purpose.

Starting a Professional Corporation in Kentucky: A Guide

Here is a detailed guide to starting a professional corporation in Kentucky that you should follow.

Step 1: Appointment of Registered Agent

The first step in forming a Professional Corporation is appointing Registered Agent in Kentucky. This individual or company will act on behalf of the corporation, receiving official notices and legal documents. The agent must have a physical address in Kentucky and be available during regular business hours.

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Step 2: Choosing the Name of the Corporation

Selecting a name for your Kentucky Professional Corporation is crucial. The name must be unique and appropriate, including the words “professional corporation” or the abbreviation “P.C.” It must also comply with the rules and regulations of the governing licensing board and should not be confusingly similar to an existing corporation’s name.

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Step 3: Drafting of By-laws

By-laws are the internal rules and regulations governing the management and operations of the professional corporation. These should include provisions related to the appointment of directors, issuance of shares, and any restrictions imposed by the licensing board.

Step 4: Appointment of Board of Directors

The board of directors oversees the management and operations of the Kentucky Professional Corporation. Directors must be licensed professionals in the same field as the corporation’s purpose.

Step 5: Conduction of Board Meetings

Regular board meetings are essential for maintaining the proper functioning and compliance of the professional corporation. The by-laws should specify the frequency, notice requirements, and procedures for conducting these meetings.

Step 6: Issuance of Corporate Shares

Shares represent ownership in the corporation. The professional corporation must issue shares to its shareholders, who must be licensed professionals in the same field. Share issuance should comply with the by-laws and any restrictions imposed by the licensing board.

Step 7: Comply with State Requirements

Forming Kentucky Professional Corporation requires compliance with specific state requirements, such as obtaining necessary permits and licenses, paying fees, and adhering to rules and regulations the governing licensing board sets forth.

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Step 8: Filing of Statement of Information

Kentucky professional corporations must file an annual report with the Kentucky Secretary of State. This document includes essential information about the corporation, including its name, address, Registered Agent, and directors.

Step 9: Getting Tax Permits from the State

The professional corporation must obtain the necessary tax permits from the Kentucky Department of Revenue, such as an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

Step 10: Opening of a Bank Account

Finally, open a separate bank account for the Kentucky Professional Corporation to maintain proper accounting and financial records.

Fees Associated with Professional Corporation in Kentucky

Here are some of the most common fees when starting a professional corporation in Kentucky.

  • State Laws and Regulations: To form a professional corporation in Kentucky, it is crucial to comply with the state laws and regulations governing professional corporations. The Kentucky Revised Statutes Chapter 274 and the specific licensing board’s regulations for each profession outline the requirements and restrictions for professional corporation formation. Before starting the process, professionals should consult with their licensing board to ensure they meet the necessary qualifications.
  • Incorporation Process: Once the licensing requirements are met, the next step to form a professional corporation in Kentucky is to draft and file the Articles of Incorporation with the Kentucky Secretary of State. This document includes essential information about the corporation, such as its name, address, purpose, and number of authorized shares. Filing the Articles of Incorporation requires a filing fee currently $50 for most professions. However, it is essential to check with the Kentucky Secretary of State for the specific fee associated with your profession.
  • Naming Requirements: You must follow specific rules when choosing a name for a Professional Corporation in Kentucky. The name must include the words “Professional Corporation,” “P.C.,” or “Prof. Corp.” Additionally, the name cannot be misleading or too similar to an existing corporation’s name. Conducting a name search with the Kentucky Secretary of State is recommended to ensure the chosen name is available. This search is free, but reserving a name before filing the Articles of Incorporation requires a reservation fee of $15 online and $15 mail.
  • Articles of Incorporation: The Articles of Incorporation is a critical document for forming a professional corporation in Kentucky. It outlines the corporation’s essential information, such as the name, address, purpose, and number of authorized shares. The Articles must also include a statement that the corporation is a professional corporation and the specific profession it practices. Once completed, the Articles of Incorporation must be filed with the Kentucky Secretary of State, accompanied by the appropriate filing fee.
  • Additional Fees and Costs: In addition to the filing fees mentioned above, forming Professional Corporation in Kentucky may involve other costs, such as:
    • Annual Report: professional corporations must file an initial Statement of Information with the Kentucky Secretary of State every June 30th of filing the Articles of Incorporation. The filing fee for this form is $15.
    • Licensing and Permit Fees: Depending on the specific profession, the governing licensing board may require additional licensing and permit fees.
    • Registered Agent Fee: Hiring of Registered Agent service will likely involve an annual fee of $50 – $150, which can vary depending on the service provider.
    • Legal and Accounting Fees: Forming a professional corporation may involve consulting with attorneys and accountants, which can result in additional professional fees.

Advantages of a Professional Corporation

  • Limited Liability Protection: One of the main benefits of a professional corporation is its limited liability protection to its shareholders. This means the shareholders’ assets are protected from the corporation’s debts and liabilities.
  • Tax Benefits: Professional Corporations enjoy specific tax benefits, such as deductions for business expenses and the ability to retain earnings within the corporation.
  • Business Credibility: Operating as a professional corporation can enhance the credibility and reputation of the professional services, demonstrating a commitment to compliance and professionalism.
  • Continuity of Operations: A professional corporation has a perpetual existence, ensuring the continuity of operations even if the shareholders or directors change.

Disadvantages of a Professional Corporation

  • Complexity and Cost of Formation: Forming a professional corporation can be more complex and costly than other business structures, such as sole proprietorships or partnerships.
  • Ongoing Compliance Requirements: professional corporations must adhere to ongoing compliance requirements, including regular board meetings, filing annual reports, and maintaining proper records.
  • Limited Flexibility in Management: professional corporations may need more flexibility in management, as the board of directors must consist of licensed professionals in the same field.

Taxation of Professional Corporations

Here are the taxes that your professional corporation must pay in Kentucky:

Federal income tax

A professional corporation in Kentucky is subject to federal income tax on its net earnings. However, a P.C. can elect to be taxed as an S corporation, which allows the corporation’s income, deductions, and credits to pass through to the shareholders. This can result in significant tax savings by avoiding double taxation.

State taxes

Kentucky Professional Corporation is also subject to state taxes, such as the Kentucky franchise tax, which is based on the corporation’s annual net income. Additionally, depending on the nature of its operations, the professional corporation may be subject to other state and local taxes, such as payroll and sales taxes permit in Kentucky.

Tax deductions and exemptions

A professional corporation in Kentucky can take advantage of various tax deductions and exemptions, such as deductions for employee benefits, operating expenses, and depreciation. These deductions can help reduce the corporation’s taxable income, ultimately leading to tax savings for the P.C. and its shareholders.

Alternatives to Professional Corporations in Kentucky

If you decide that a professional corporation is not for you, then you might consider the following alternatives.

  • Sole Proprietorships: A simpler business structure is where an individual operates the business under their name without limited liability protection.
  • Partnerships: Two or more individuals join to operate a business, sharing profits, losses, and responsibilities.
  • Limited Liability Companies (LLCs): A hybrid business structure that combines the limited liability protection of a corporation with the tax benefits and flexibility of a partnership.
  • S-corporations: Starting an S Corp in Kentucky avoids double taxation by allowing income, losses, and deductions to pass through to the shareholders’ personal tax returns.


What types of professional corporations are recognized in Kentucky?
Professional corporations (PCs) are recognized for licensed professionals in fields such as medicine, law, accounting, and therapy in the state of Kentucky.
What is a Professional Corporation?
A Professional Corporation is a specific type of legal entity that can help individuals in certain professions protect their personal assets from business liabilities, such as debts, lawsuits or damages.
Can anyone start a Professional Corporation?
No, only licensed professionals in certain fields can start a Professional Corporation.
What is the first step in starting a Professional Corporation in Kentucky?
The first step to start a PC in Kentucky is to get a certificate of incorporation from the Secretary of State.
What paperwork do I need to file for starting a Professional Corporation in Kentucky?
You need to file Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of Kentucky to form a Professional Corporation in the state.
How much does it cost to form a Professional Corporation in Kentucky?
The filing fee to form a PC in Kentucky is $50 and you also need to pay a $10 fee for a name availability search.
Can a Professional Corporation be owned by non-professionals?
No, the ownership of a PC must be limited to licensed professionals in certain fields.
How many directors are required to start a Professional Corporation in Kentucky?
You need at least one director to form a Professional Corporation in Kentucky.
How long does it take to form a Professional Corporation in Kentucky?
It takes around 5-7 business days for the state of Kentucky to process and approve your application for forming a Professional Corporation.
Do I need a lawyer to start a Professional Corporation in Kentucky?
It is not necessary to hire a lawyer to form a Professional Corporation in Kentucky, but the process can get complicated and in such cases, it is highly recommended.
Can Professional Corporations operate in multiple states, including Kentucky?
Yes, a Professional Corporation can operate in multiple states, but you need to register in each additional state and comply with each state’s legal requirements
Does Kentucky require a Special License to form a Professional Association?
The Kentucky Secretary of State does not require a Special License to form a Professional Association.
Can a Licensed Professional operate as a Sole Proprietorship or in partnership within an individual, while having ownership in a Professional Corporation?
No, it would lead to conflict with Kentucky State laws.
Are there any specific legal requirements governing a PC in Kentucky?
Yes, PC statutes require an annual shareholders’ meeting, impartiality of all shareholding directors, and all actions comply with the Kentucky Revised Statutes.
How important is the name selected for a Professional Corporation?
Naming a new Professional Corporation can be helpful in showing originality, creativity, and public trust when it comes to marketing.
Can a Professional Corporation have a D/B/A?
Yes, You can have a DBA for a Kentucky Professional Limited Liability Company registered through the Secretary of State.
Can my business lease or own real estate properties?
Yes, your business can lease or own real estate properties if it reflects your business’s purposes.
What is a corporate name availability standard for a Professional Corporation Kentucky?
Kentucky only requires “distinguishablity of names used by partnerships or other registered entities.”
Are there safety guidelines, on regulation, or legal compliances dictating the health and environmental concerns in Kentucky?
Yes, there are. Depending on your business and industry, you may possibly be subject to safe, environment, and legal regulation compliances to operate correctly.
How often should minutes be recorded and stored in Professional Corporate minutes?
Record, prepare and uniquely file minutes within ten (10) days after any cause of adjustment. Also must have a record anywhere claiming a meeting discussion within five (5) years of posting.
Is obtaining a Federal Tax Identification number a legal requirement in Kentucky when starting a PC?
Obtaining a Tax Identification Number is not necessary when starting a Professional Corporation in Kentucky, but it is essential if the business will hire employees.
Are there any special renewal conditions when renewing PC history?
No, there is no distinction when renewing your PC history filings within KY State.
If I A Technical, do I qualify to start a Professional Corporation In Kentucky?
If it is licensed, professionals qualified in their assigned field sectors confirming offer respective services appeal to Kentucky.
What language(s) MUST be added to each Kansas Professional Semi-annual Report?
The summons to report to Kentucky, Precepts to Kentucky registering additional law of service process, mandatory e-valid contact an annual reporting cycle in good accordance.
Will my original business model be affected when starting a Professional Corporation in Kentucky?
Your original business model may change now that your proposal permits, rule and set initial policies from the new MC charging provisions. Working with a knowledgeable Corporate Professional will help ease managing your Corporate needs.
What other government organizations provide permits for the business Market in Kentucky?
The Licensing Board is clear authority in Kentucky where professions branches of Government exempt practice or deem necessary medical expertise.
Does Kentucky prevent adding people´s privately identifying business information to company minutes For Professional Corporations?
Sec. 273.371 of these laws is observing privacy concerns for company minutes avoiding disclosure of licensed professional identification.
Can my new professional corporation assume ownership of patents or intellectual property?
Yes, a PC, like any other legal entity, can legally acquire, own, transfer, or trade patents, property, trademarks, copyrights and royalty rights.
am I obliged to perform administrative bookkeeping at the Conclusive Trust-Account, provided by a specialized Bank Deposit?
Administering your bookkeeping strategy is highly recommended and in no way obligated to comply with KY Internal Management regnorms.
What disclosures can be made to a non-shareholding employee of named shareholders listed for public view?
None of the data registered with the common request can access sharing with others as oppose exclusive inquires of internal management or legal agents do.

Also Read

How to Save Money While Forming Kentucky Professional Corporation

When forming a Kentucky professional corporation, saving money is always a top priority for business owners. By taking strategic steps and making informed decisions, entrepreneurs can effectively cut costs while ensuring their business operates smoothly and successfully. Here are some ways to save money while forming a Kentucky professional corporation:

First and foremost, it is crucial to conduct thorough research and plan ahead. Before diving into the process of forming a professional corporation, entrepreneurs should take the time to educate themselves about the legal requirements and financial implications involved. By familiarizing themselves with the steps involved in the formation process, business owners can avoid unnecessary expenses and streamline the process from start to finish.

Additionally, entrepreneurs should consider seeking professional guidance from experts in the field. While it may seem tempting to handle all aspects of forming a professional corporation independently, working with experienced professionals can actually result in significant cost savings in the long run. Lawyers specializing in business formation can provide valuable advice and help business owners navigate the complex legal landscape, ultimately saving them both time and money.

When it comes to selecting a business structure for a Kentucky professional corporation, entrepreneurs should carefully assess their options and choose the most cost-effective option. While a professional corporation offers certain advantages, such as liability protection and tax benefits, it is important to weigh these benefits against the associated costs. By carefully evaluating the pros and cons of each business structure, business owners can make an informed decision that aligns with their financial goals and objectives.

Another way to save money while forming a Kentucky professional corporation is to be conscious of ongoing expenses and overhead costs. Business owners should create a budget and stick to it, avoiding unnecessary expenses and overspending wherever possible. By carefully managing their finances from the outset, entrepreneurs can ensure that their business remains financially stable and sustainable in the long term.

Moreover, entrepreneurs should take advantage of available resources and tools to streamline the formation process and save money. From online resources and templates to business formation services, there are numerous cost-effective options available to help business owners navigate the complexities of forming a professional corporation. By leveraging these resources and tools, entrepreneurs can reduce the time and money spent on administrative tasks, allowing them to focus on growing their business and achieving their goals.

In conclusion, forming a Kentucky professional corporation can be a complex and costly endeavor, but with careful planning and strategic decision-making, entrepreneurs can achieve significant cost savings. By conducting thorough research, seeking professional guidance, choosing the right business structure, managing expenses effectively, and leveraging available resources, business owners can optimize their financial investment and set their professional corporation up for success. By following these tips, entrepreneurs can save money while forming a professional corporation and position their business for long-term growth and prosperity.


Kentucky Professional Corporation can offer several benefits for licensed professionals. However, it is essential to carefully consider the proper structure and compliance requirements before proceeding. Seeking professional guidance in forming a professional corporation can help ensure a smooth process and enable professionals to focus on providing their services. Visit LLCBase for more information about starting a professional corporation in Kentucky.

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